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About Bolpur

Bolpur subdivision is located at south border of Birbhum district. About 150 years ago Bolpur was a small villege under supur porgana.But now it has become an international city. Kalikapur a known place of Bolpur was the origin of the villege in past. In the past it was a typical village. There were no raillines,no developed roads. Paddy land were seen around the village. "Lalmati"(red soil) were found everywhere. Many villages named Sian, Dihipara, Khosakdampur, Paruldanga, Goalpara, Ballavpur, Bandhgara, Surul, Supur, Raipur were the boundary line around Bolpur.

East India company established the first railway line in 1859, when the Sahebganj loopline was extended beyond the river Ajay. Bolpur railway station was established in 1860. Along with this establishment, Court, Police Station, Sub Registry office etc. Were also established in old Bolpur. Then people started residing here. Christan missionaries came and they found church hich was known as Mission compound. Paddy storage house, stationary shops, grossary shops, garment shops etc. Were located on the east side near Bolpur railway station. About 19's husking machines were situated here in that time.

Maharshi Debendranath Tagore established the centre of Religious mediation in Bolpur. Rabindranath Tagore established Visva Bharati Viswavidyalaya. These were the main reasons for the huge extention, devolpoment and popularity of Bolpur. Provincial names Proved the upcoming gradual devolpoment of Bolpur. Kachharipatti is just beside court house, Trishulapatti is the commercial paddy trading centre. Kalibaroarytala was the servical place place for Bolpur set up by some initiative people. Here Netaji made a conference. Here Harisava stood against "Bramhopasana". In everyweek these two coferences were held in Bolpur. Bijaykrishna Ghoswami, Shivnath Shastri, Shasibhusan Basu like many wisemen gave religious advices. Beside this, prayer committee was also set up.

Geographical co-ordinate of Bolpur

This place is situated in Birbhum (Siuri), West Bengal, India, its geographical coordinates are 23° 40' 0" North, 87° 43' 0" East and its original name (with diacritics) is Bolpur.

Area

Apart from the Bolpur municipality, the subdivision contains rural areas of 40 gram panchayats under four community development blocks: Bolpur Sriniketan, Ilambazar, Labhpur and Nanoor. The total area of Bolpur subdivision is about 1173.5 square kms.

The area of the blocks under Bolpur subdivision are given below:

Bolpur–Sriniketan Block : 333.6 sq kms
Ilambazar Block : 259.5 sq kms
Labhpur Block : 271.2 sq kms
Nanoor Block 309.2 sq kms

Bolpur Sriniketan Block

Bolpur Sriniketan block consists of rural areas with nine gram panchayats, viz. Bahiri–Panchshowa, Raipur–Supur, Sarpalehana–Albandha, Singhee, Kankalitala, Ruppur, Kasba, Sattor and Sian Muluk. Bolpur and Panrui police stations serve this block Headquarters of this block is in Sriniketan.

Ilambazar Block

Ilambazar block consists of rural areas with nine gram panchayats, viz. Batikar, Ghurisha, Mongoldihi, Belati, Illambazar, Nanasole, Dharampur, Joydev–Kenduli and Sirsha. Illambazar and Panrui police stations serve this block. Headquarters of this block is in Ilambazar.

Labhpur Block

Labhpur block consists of rural areas with 11 gram panchayats, viz. Bipratikuri, Dwaraka, Jamna, Labpur–II, Chauhatta–Mahodari–I, Hatia, Kurunnahar, Thiba, Chauhatta–Mahodari–II, Indus and Labpur–I. Labhpur and Nanoor police stations serve this blockHeadquarters of this block is in Labhpur.

Nanoor Block

Nanoor is Historical Place where Rami Chnadi Das Born and perform "Sonou Hey Mnus Bhai Sabar Upar Manus Sattya Tahair upar nai".Nanoor block consists of rural areas with 11 gram panchayats, viz. Bara Saota, Daskalgram–Kareya–I, Chandidas Nanoor, Daskalgram–Kareya–II, Kirnahar–II, Kirnahar–I, Thupsara, Uchkaran, Charkalgram, Jalundi and Nawanagar Kadda. Nanoor police station serves this block. Headquarters of this block is in Chandidas Nanoor.

Archeological Report

As per the archaeological survey, the region existed and inhabited even in the prehistoric times. The architectural trappings of the Stone Age have been unearthed in several parts of the districts. It has been recorded that, Mahavira and Gautam Buddha had navigated the "Rarh" region (Vajjabhumi & Subbhabhumi) of the district. Therefore it can be ascertained that the civilization of Birbhum dates back to the 5th century.

Mythologically the forests of Bajrabhumi (west Birbhum) were the hot spots of the "tantric" activities of the Hindus. The impenetrable, isolated jungles were the ideal place for the sacred Hindu rituals. There was some hermitage in the interior, where the sages performed "tantra sadhana" or "Shakti" Worship. Several temples or "Shakti Peethas" were established by the tantrics (performer of the Shakti rituals) for performing the act of tantra sadhana. Tarapith, Bakreswar, Nalhati, Labhpur, which are now the famous tourist spot once were the notable Shakti peethas. Prior to 1856, Baidyanath Dham (Deogarh) was within the territory of Birbhum. During the reign of the British East India Company, any administrative unit with the name "Birbhum" hardly existed. Till 1787 it was ruled as a part of the Murshidabad administrative unit. The name Birbhum came to be recognized as an administrative unit only after the Santhal rebellion of 1855-56, which was overwhelmed with the martyrdom of Sidhu & Kanu.

Cultures & Festivals

Festivals at Santiniketan

Basanta Utsav

It is a colorful festivals for all Indians and known as Holi. It occurs at the end of winter when spring comes with its beauty. Falgun and Chaitra according to the Bengali calendar is the season of Dol utsav.

Bolpur subdivision is located at south border of Birbhum district. About 150 years ago Bolpur was a small villege under supur porgana. But now it has become an international city. Kalikapur a known place of Bolpur was the origin of the villege in past.

Santiniketan has the distinct identity of culture and heritage, which gives the place a unique soft touch. Santineketan was previously called Bhubandanga (named after Bhuban Dakat, a local dacoit). Tagore family came to be owned this place.

Visva Bharati has two main parts. Srineketan and Santineketan both are consistently called Visva Bharati. The towns and the university are situated not too far away from the river Kopai which flows to the south.